Select recent policy reports

A Policy Playbook on Nonproliferation Sanctions

This report traces the negative consequences of Washington’s misuse of sanctions and offers recommendations for the incoming Biden administration. Using Iran and North Korea as case studies, the report argues for incentives-based bargaining to reduce nuclear dangers and enhance international cooperation.

Friend not Foe: Opening Spaces for Civil Society Engagement to Prevent Violent Extremism

An examination of the chilling impact of counterterrorism measures on civil society and citizens’ agency, documenting detrimental effects on the operational and political freedoms of civic organizations worldwide and the counterproductive consequences.

Governance, Democracy and Peace: How State Capacity and Regime Type Influence the Prospects for War and Peace

This white paper offers a synthetic review of empirical evidence on the elements of state governance that affect interstate and intrastate armed conflict.

Afghan Women Speak: Enhancing Security and Human Rights in Afghanistan

Based on interviews with Afghan women in Kabul and other cities, the report documents the modest gains achieved by women in access to education and medical care and participation in public life since 2001 and argues for negotiations to end the war. 

Winning Without War: Sensible Security Options for Dealing with Iraq

Written prior to the U.S. invasion, this report provides documentation of the effective use of nonmilitary means–renewed UN weapons monitoring and sanctions-based containment–that effectively countered the potential threat from Iraqi WMD without war. 

South Asia at the Nuclear Crossroads, U.S. Policy Options Toward South Asian Nuclear Proliferation: The Role of Sanctions and Incentives

An examination of nuclear policy issues in India and Pakistan and proposals for the use of incentives and sanctions to address the security needs of each country and avoid steps toward overt development of nuclear weapons.